Corporate identity

 

The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationRussian University of Economicsof Foreign Languages №1











PAPER

Corporate identity


Performed byAnnaFaculty1408byDina





2015

Contents


Contents

. History of corporate identity

.1 Past of corporate identity

.2 Corporate identity today and in the future

. What is corporate identity?

.1 The elements of corporate identity

.2 The examples of a strong corporate identity and new trends


Introduction

identity is one of those vaguely defined, hodge-podge ideas that grows in scope as more consultants from different disciplines try to mark out their own piece of the market.a designer's viewpoint, "identity" is all the ways people identify the company visually: how it looks to the world. A common misconception, particularly among owners of small businesses, is that it's just the logo, but of course it's a lot more.can develop an "identity program" for an entire company, a particular product line, or even a single advertising campaign. All of these are "corporate identity."simplest sort of identity program would be a logo (if they don't have one already), signage and stationery designs. At a minimum this includes an exact color palette, typefaces for correspondence and advertising, paper type and color.on the size of the company and the budget, a basic identity program should include a style guide that lays out exact uses for the logo (absolutely essential if it's a trademark), what variations, if any, are allowed or required (there may be one version for small sizes, one for larger, for example), and examples of prohibited uses. It must say exactly how the logo will be reproduced in print, on the web and in video, how big it must be in relation to context, required white space around it and very exactly defined colors.the company has a slogan or tag line that appears in conjunction with the logo, the style guide must specify its position and size in relation to the logo itself and a clear statement of when it should and should not be used. This would be the minimum, and is for use not only in-house but for media people who may want to show the logo in connection with an article. It should have specifications for corporate communications -- letters, invoices, etc. -- that specifies margins, line spacing, typeface, address placement, greeting line, etc.collateral is defined in the style guide as part of any identity program. The style and quality of photography, overall style, use and style of line art or illustration, typefaces, color palette, paper stock for print and so on are part of corporate identity (especially in connection with a single ad campaign). These specs would include the web, interactive and mobile presentation, TV and video where applicable.you work with a client that already has an identity program, be sure to get a copy and study it. Stay within the guidelines if you want to turn them into a steady client and avoid expensive problems.the 21st century, if the vision for a brand is not centered in a rich emotional connection with customers, and the corporate identity not well-defined, then the brand may be visible, but it will lack personality. And a brand without personality is a brand without a soul. And although a corporate identity is a small component of the overall brand expression, it remains the first connection made with the consumers mind.


1. History of corporate identity


.1 Past of corporate identity

corporate identity logo trend

The origin of logos and corporate identity could be traced to early examples of pictograms. According to WIkipedia "pictogram or pictograph is a symbol representing a concept, object, activity, place or event by illustration."historians believe that the use of pictograms originated in Mesopotamia around 9000 BC. Simple pictures were used for labeling farm produce and eventually the use has spread to labeling manufacturing goods.is believed that the Roman alphabet has its origins in pictograms, for example "the letter A represented the head of an ox, and if it is turned upside down, a bovine head with horns can be seen." WIkipediaword logogram or logo originated in the early 19th century. In Greek language "logo" means "word" (Oxford Dictionary) The early example of logos consisted of a single letters and later 2 letters interweaving together, as seen on old Greek and Roman coins for example a sacred monogram formed by letters XRSTOS which means Christ. The first two letters were connected together on the early coins. Logomagic website states «In the thirteenth century, logo design evolved from simple ciphers to trademarks for traders and merchants. These early examples of logo design include masons marks, goldsmith's marks, paper maker's watermarks and watermarks for the nobility." Also the printers and publishers would often have their own trademarks printed on products.brand icons and logotypes were often appearing in Medieval paintings and Renaissance period and played an important role in the largely illiterate society. The logos were used extensively to distinguish products and manufacturers. Artists especially used their logo in the work as a means of building reputation and getting employed. Logo of Albrecht D'rer is a good example. He was an artist, printmaker and theorist from 16th century Germany. Modern contemporary art has been much more influenced by popular culture, which is depicted in art movement of the 1950's Pop Art. Andy Warhol painted popular brand names like Coca-Cola, Campbell's Tomato Soup and other day to day products. He favoured American culture and consumerism in which brands play a key role. He explains "What's great about this country is that America started the tradition where the richest consumers buy essentially the same things as the poorest." He takes Coca-Cola as an example "You can be watching TV and see Coca Cola, and you know that the President drinks Coca Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca Cola, and just think, you can drink Coca Cola, too. A coke is a coke and no amount of money can get you a better coke than the one the bum on the corner is drinking. All the cokes are the same and all the cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you know it."symbolism elements were widely used in heraldry, which encompassed designing, displaying, describing, and recording coats of arms and badges.
The repeating themes of the symbols have been around in 15th century heraldry. According to encyclopedia "The German Hyghalmen Roll was made in the late fifteenth century and illustrates the German practice of repeating themes from the arms in the crest" (Wikipedia). The German Hyghalmen Roll often represents a collections of coats of arms relating to specific events or stories.
Another early example of logos are the symbols of merchants or also known as merchant's mark. Originated as early as 3rd millennium and were discovered in the Indus Valley in Pakistan they are impressions on coins, silk and other materials. (Wikipedia<#"justify">.2 Corporate identity today and in the future

corporations often refresh their logos when necessary. One company who used a number of logos in the past is British Telecom (BT). In the 1980 when the company was privatized, and the British Telecom brand was introduced, the logo consisted of stylistic capital letter T in blue placed in the yellow circle. This symbol stayed for 11 years after which the famous "piper" logo was introduced. The colour scheme this style was chosen which established the national colours prominently. The "Piper" character had an interesting design, split by red and blue with white running in the middle. This symbol was also used standing on its own sometimes, and even embossed on the company's products. This versatility of the symbol in my opinion became very desirable for companies towards the end of the decade. This is why I think that logo was a successful design that stayed until 2002. But as the new decade began, the focus of the company changed dramatically, they started to innovate more, in fear of fierce competition which started offering high speed internet and telephone deals. The final logo that BT has adopted is an abstract globe symbol, which has none of the national symbolism, but has a global theme attributed to it. The "Connected world" logo represents company's attempt at working on the global scale with other partners in the communication sphere. This symbol appears to be designed to be animated form the start and the animated version was unveiled on television at the moment of the new product launch. The static version of the symbol can stand on its own quite well but it's the animation which makes this logo appear impressive. I think this is the trend in corporate identity for the future, the creation of "dynamic" scalable logos, something which will not just change colours and setting, but maybe even the basic shape of the logo could be altered, as if its a puzzle for the consumer to de-cipher. Google use their logo creatively when they respond to the global events and holidays by altering the logo in an artistic way. (Appendix 1)example, which has seen an incredible amount of bad press, is the London 2012 Olympics logo designed by branding agency Wolf Olins. It is reported to cost 1.2m pounds. While the design is flawed in its execution, initial objectives of having a logo flexible in its shape its colours and the way the shapes can be rearranged in animation, is a great idea for the future. The flows are in my opinion the typography which is too small and the choice of shapes and colours which do not invoke the positive emotion like other Olympic logos did. The logo has seen a critical reaction also because it doesn't have any elements, which show London, England, or any cultural references needed to be highlighted in connection to the Olympic games. (Appendix 2)Gardner from Gardner Design in his article on logolaunge.com about current and upcoming trends in corporate identity states in relation to dynamic identity, that future trends point towards using lots of elements, sometimes so delicate that they would not have previously been considered to be part of a logo design, assembled into a patterned whole. Logos are designed to be in motion as opposed to logos that are designed flat and then animated. He also points out the use of overlapping shapes with transparency trend, which he attributes to the desire for companies to look transparent to their stakeholders and customers.graphic designers are creating 3D looking logos instead of traditional flat colour designs. They make that decision because some of their work will not be constrained to print, but only onscreen for example. Bill Gardner writes "We have seen many more 3-D logos that are designed to be in motion, never still or flat. These designs have completely shaken the earthly bonds of CMYK and exist only in ethereal RGB: The old logo design rules just don't apply to them." While I think those logos will be more and more common, there still needs to be a way to fall back to a printed paper designs. I think there will be a simplified version of logo still printed, of just a typography of the logo represented on paper. Paper will never disappear in my opinion because its immediate, simple, approachable. So the printed logos will stay also.Partners, the design agency in charge of creating identity for Cingular mobile phone company had achieved great success by creating an orange symbol which charmed consumers and telecommunications market. They also were responsible for creating the name for the company. Jamie Koval (2005) of SA partners says it "was not a conventional, safe solution". Unlike the competitors, the creative team decided to try create positioning that was "warm and human Jamie Koval wrote, "We wanted to make the mark to be a strong graphic symbol, but also had to be soft and playful". And it is evident that they didn't go for symbolism of communication, connecting people together or latest technology. They left the idea wide open for experimentation. The final logo can be used to create patterns or be a basis for photography, so it is truly flexible brand which will not become out of date anytime soon because its easy to refresh the idea without scrapping the whole language which it successfully established. (Appendix 3)the future trends lies a danger of losing the uniqueness of the corporate identity. As everyone tries to create something striking, it is important to have the idea, which communicates the needed message in the simplest way. Redundant elements are usually removed to create a more recognizable symbol, but that can break the balance of simplicity vs. uniqueness. When I mean uniqueness I'm talking about both the visual side and the idea. The visual side of uniqueness boils down to making sure that the competition in the certain field, do not have a similar colours or shapes, which would lead to confusion and wasted efforts on behalf of marketing. The strength of the idea is measured in its uniqueness idea also needs to be unique but not in just the same sector but overall, because when the consumer associates the idea to the company, there might be a similar memory or image of another company invoked and that would divert attention of the customer. The strength of the idea is often measured in the uniqueness of the concept.


2. What is corporate identity?


.1 The elements of corporate identity

a manager asked his employees, How do we create value for our customers? would he get a clear answer? And would three different people have the same view?question about a companys way to create value for customers is probably one of the most fundamental elements of strategy. Which makes it all the more surprising that few organizations are able to answer it with certainty and clarity. Companies purpose and mission statements often dont help, being as vague as we want to be the company of choice for our customers or we are committed to delivering the highest quality and widest selection to our customers.

We know, however, that companies with a strong identity - the kind that is backed up by the ability to deliver their promise - tend to win. In a recent survey <#"justify">·if possible 2 or 3 words

·laconism

·precision and clarity

·minimum philosophism

·exclusivity

·easy-to-read

·harmony

Corporate color and font is a mood of corporate identity. Corporate colors and fonts are permanent colors following the company everywhere. They are used on a corporate website, on official documents, such as envelopes, business cards, folders, etc.corporate color should be associated with a certain idea. That's why the corporate color use is a way of managing customers' emotions. They have positive feeling, assurance of high quality goods or services and there appears a desire of purchasing this goods or services.brand book is a manual of corporate identity. A brand book is a reference material containing information about the corporate identity and its use. It clearly describes what one should and shouldn't do to save the positive image of the trade mark.respectable company needs a brand book to make its staff users of the corporate identity follow its rules.business card is a corporate mini-presentation. A business card contains important information of a person or a company (first and last names, address, telephone number, company name, position, etc.) It is usually a rectangular and is made of a hard paper.

Business card types:

·personal

·business

·corporate

A letterhead is a documentary support of corporate identity. A letterhead is a paper with printed corporate details. It is one of the most popular and resultative advertising materials.to a letterhead a company will not only be noticed, but it will also help to find it's papers among a big pile of other documents on the table.corporate folder is a convenient accessory. A folder is an office accessory, the main purpose of which is keeping some documents, using it at seminars and other meetings, advertising, etc.

Folder types:

·business folders

·personal folders

·conference folders

·restaurant folders

Defining a clear purpose in the world has been an age-old challenge - for individuals and organizations. But if companies can find the courage to declare what value they are able to create and for whom, they can commit themselves to a path of building greatness in that area. This has proven not only to be a winning strategy for financial results, but also an incredible motivator for employees, who perform at their best when they know how they fit into a larger objective.


2.2 The examples of a strong corporate identity and new trends

are some examples of good corporate identity in Russia.Art director of "RIA Novosti "Ilya Ruderman has introduced four new logo of Moscow Zoo with a pelican, pheasant, dolphin and squirrels. Bright patterns of shapes of animals have appeared in the design of souvenirs, tickets, navigation and offices. Images were made in four colors - green, purple, blue and yellow.make it easier to navigate in of the intricate space of the zoo, creative people have developed a convenient navigation system with information posters. The look of promotional materials and website has changed too.a result of changing the image the zoo now is a comfortable wildlife museum since December 2013. (Appendix 4)Vova Lifanov has created brutal identity for "Hardcore bar."

"Since last year, I have been seeking ways and sponsors willing to implement this project. It seemed that Ginza was interested in it, but they changed their minds. But it is a bar from dreams. Hardcore bar." (Appendix 5)studio Paradox Box have created identity for travel agency "Stranoteka."and bilateral logo is made in the aesthetics of the Soviet industrial signs. Images of flags of different countries became decorative style elements of corporate identity of the travel agency "Stranoteka." Decorative interpreted, they can be collected in an infinitely variable composition. Bright and positive ornamental solution allows to create the right mood and character of the brand. It's an endless kaleidoscope of impressions and images. (Appendix 6)conclusion, I want to tell about some new things, which should be included in good corporate identity. The traditional promotional materials are always necessary, but today designers and programmers are connecting to add new media to the old corporate identity package.

.PowerPoint presentation - Some designers are creating custom PowerPoint presentations to accompany the standard corporate identity package. You might want to have a slit die cut into your presentation folders to hold your PowerPoint DVD or CD-ROM, or have separate professional CD or DVD sleeves printed - especially if the PowerPoint will be for private prospect use.

.Websites - Companies today are creating websites that complement their corporate identity package, and it only makes sense to develop them side by side. You might even consider setting up special URLs for customers to visit after youve given a specific presentation.

.Brochures - Many corporate identity packages include brochures, and for good reason - theyre the friendliest and perhaps most personal marketing material around. There are many brochure sizes and folding options available, and it doesnt hurt to go a little large to stand out from the competition.

.E-mail template - This goes hand-in-hand with a corporate website and includes a standard header and style for corporate communications. Its like the letterhead of the Internet.if we talk about the future of brand design here are some expectations of professionals:

·The profession of marketer will continue to be dominated by people who have the required entrepreneurial spirit to develop new ways to deliver value to clients while they remain free and independent to pursue opportunities that are in line with their personal goals and creative aspirations. More and more of marketers will work and collaborate with clients and colleagues in places of the world we may never visit. For success minded marketers and brand designers, the opportunities inherent in this trend are limitless.

·Brand designers will move up the value chain by becoming highly specialized experts-known for their specific expertise in a discipline, an industry, or a consumer demographic. To prosper and grow, brand designers will forsake their generalist positioning and build their reputation and business success around a narrow and deep expertise that will enable them to differentiate themselves from competitors and command premium pricing from clients who place a higher value on their specialized design expertise.

·Brand design and management will require practitioners (client marketers and designer alike) to be meta-focused on designing real and useful experiences people love-with greater sensitivity and responsibility to the environment and the social wellbeing of those who are served in the marketplace. To remain relevant, brands must be trustworthy ambassadors of social good and the shared values of the tribes they serve.

·Reshaping the designer/client relationship will require brand designers to bring more useful and rigorous consumer insights that impact the very nature of how their clients bring value to their customers. The good news is brand designers will be seated at the big table. The more difficult future trend will see brand design and management focused on real business outcomes rather than producing more logos, taglines, style and decoration. And clients will increase their demand for designers to prove the value of their ideas by constantly measuring their return on investment.

·Brand design and management will continue moving away from the homogenous western (US and UK) stylizations of corporate and brand identity so emulated in the past. The work of brand designers will reflect authentic cultural reference points unique to their various regions of the globe. Designers are celebrating the cultural styles of their regions and this is moving the discipline of brand building to new levels of diverse cultural expression. This trend is already firmly in place in China, India, Eastern Europe, and many South American countries.

Conclusion

is unlikely that corporate identity in the future will have a unnecessary complex design or concepts, the natural evolution of visual ideas leads to survival of the strongest + simplest and disregard of everything secondary. The striking balance of any great identity is in both its simplicity while also in the sophistication of the concept behind it. In the future we can only expect stronger efforts to create more interaction, more battles for customer attention, and bolder approaches to design.carefully developed brand also needs detailed implementation and guidelines. It is important because wrong use of the logo for example can lead to not just wrong impression of the customer, but also hamper the company brand as the whole. We often see brand guidelines that specify the exact colours which should be used for logos in print, but also more importantly which layouts and the amount of empty space around the logo needed to preserve the intended visual impact. I think guidelines like that will be on seen more often and will become even more important as designers deal with new technologies.'s market seems to demand a quick response. The online identities for companies are often decorated temporarily with seasonal attributes like Christmas and Halloween decorations of online stores. In the future this can happen constantly. For example an electronics store can change a mascot into a character who plays the latest video games console or listens to the new music player. It would be also possible to achieve with printed media. It will be possible to write a set of programmatic rules for example for shape and color of the logo so that every time an office worker prints a letter to send to the customer, the logo would be of different shape and colour. So even with use of printed page, there could be a dynamic experience created for the customer.to conclude this project, it seems that corporate identity in the future will keep its uniqueness by becoming more flexible in its concepts and implementation. The simplest and most creative ideas will win and stay around us. The successful styles will be often copied, but I believe that won't be the problem as the creators of the original work are rewarded by being first in their field. If we could look at history and observe how corporate identity spread from non-existing to an important element in the business, we can make a prediction how the spread might continue. The use of interactive imagery will be used more in the daily lives. Interaction via graphics could happen on the way to work, at home, on holiday and in every public place.


Appendices

1

of BT


Appendix 2

logo of the Olympic games



Appendix 3

logo of Cingular


Appendix 4

new corporate identity of the Moscow Zoo



Appendix 5

identity for "Hardcore bar"




Appendix 6

identity for travel agency "Stranoteka"




Glossary


.Brochure (брошюра) - a small, thin book or magazine that usually has many pictures and information about a product, a place, etc.

.Letterhead (печатный бланк) - the name and address of an organization (such as a company) that is printed at the top of a piece of paper used for writing official letters; also : paper that has the name and address of an organization printed at the top.

.Brand book (каталог бренда или брендбук) - An overview document, describing the brand position, its history, how it was created and, briefly, its use. This document tends to be utilized as a source document for internal staff. Its designed to help them understand the brand, and generally to understand how to use brand elements.

.Folder (папка) - a folded cover or large envelope for holding documents or a collection of files or documents that are stored together on a computer.

.Typeface (шрифт) - In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.

.Template (шаблон) - a shaped piece of metal, wood, card, plastic, or other material used as a pattern for processes such as painting, cutting out, shaping, or drilling.

.Leaflet (листовка) - a printed sheet of paper, sometimes folded, containing information or advertising and usually distributed free.

.Expertise (компетенция, особые знания, экспертиза) - expert skill or knowledge in a particular field.

.Header (заголовок) - a word, phrase, etc., that is placed at the beginning of a document, passage, etc., or at the top of a page.

.Trademark (товарный знак) - a symbol, word, or words legally registered or established by use as representing a company or product.

.Sponsor (спонсор) - a person or organization that provides funds for a project or activity carried out by another, in particular.

.Mascot (талисман) - a person or thing that is supposed to bring good luck or that is used to symbolize a particular event or organization.

.Value (значение, ценность) - the regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something.

.Manual (руководство) - a book of instructions, especially for operating a machine or learning a subject; a handbook.

.Tagline (слоган) - a memorable phrase or sentence that is closely associated with a particular person, product, movie, etc.

.Relevant (уместный, релевантный) - closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand.

.Envelope (конверт) - a flat paper container with a sealable flap, used to enclose a letter or document.

.Redundant (избыточный) - not or no longer needed or useful; superfluous.

.Uniqueness (уникальность) - verification that a message has not already been processed at an earlier time.

.Transparency (прозрачность) - the condition of being transparent


Literature


1.Creativity. Freedom. Life #"justify">.British Graphics Network #"justify">.Harvard Business Review hbr.org

.Oxford Dictionary definition for word "logo"

.Wikipedia #"justify">s_Mark


The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationRussian University of Economicsof Foreign Languages №1

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